RECEO VS and SLICERS– Where Do They Fit? (2023)

RECEO VS and SLICERS– Where Do They Fit? (1)

Do we need any more evidence that command and control procedures and processes are not being effectively applied at building fires, consequently contributing to the failures of incident commanders (IC) and leading to many negative outcomes at emergency incidents?

Let’s face it, “You don’t want to be the incident commander who does not know what they are required to know at the time they need to know it!”

An abundant amount of “empirical evidence” has come out recently from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) regarding live fire testing that will guide improvements in tactical/task applications and methods. From the empirical evidence many good leaders in the fire service are now expanding the dialogue and taking the initiative to reduce property loss, prevent injuries, and save firefighter and occupant lives.

First, I want to commend those individuals, organizations, and agencies for demonstrating courage by challenging the preconceived notions, myths, and others in the fire service who are resistant to any form of change.

I would like to continue the dialogue and perhaps “replace” the way fire service members and organizations “think” about command and control (incident management). If incident commanders begin to “think” differently about the command and control process perhaps they will feel and act differently. Since the NIST findings, new mnemonics and calls for action have surfaced. In December 2013, the International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC) and its sub-committee, the Health and Survival Section, in a joint effort with the International Society of Fire Service Instructors released the “Firefighter Safety Call to Action: New Research Informs Need for Updated Procedures, Policies.”

One specific item I would like to focus on is the recently created mnemonic (or acronym) SLICERS and what these groups are recommending. In IAFC’s call to action it says the recently created mnemonic “SLICERS should replace RECEO VS as a core component of firefighter training programs.”

When I mention “replace” the way fire service members and organizations think about command and control, what I am saying is these mnemonics have their specific place/location within the command and control (incident management) process when developing “one” incident action plan. We have an obligation as leaders to make processes simpler and less confusing for everyone involved. We as a fire service should provide better clarity and purpose by placing these mnemonics into a location(s) within the incident command process to help and support those commanding and fighting the fire.

As the author of SLICERS has very well articulated, his intent was his concern with his own personnel, their aggressiveness, and the speed at which they were attacking fires. Obviously, SLICERS is a very good tactical/task method for those aggressive firefighters and their company officers who are initiating size up to search for and rescue occupants, and to extinguish and limit growth of the fire.

My view of SLICERS developed after hearing the author speak and reading more about the concept to understand the context and background. It became clear to me that it is the risk analysis and decision making assessment process of identifying the hazards and establishing the necessary controls/mitigations for those hazards, so that the tactical actions are much more purposefully driven and safer for firefighters to achieve positive outcomes.

My assessment is that SLICERS would fit perfectly in the command and control (incident command) action plan under “tactical objectives,” which is the third component of the incident action plan. My solution/recommendation would be to place/locate RECEO VS under the strategic objective, which is the second component of the incident action plan. Strategy is not only investigation, offensive, defensive, indirect, transitional, etc. The strategy is what distinguishes the incident commanders who have a strong incident action plan and those that only operate from a tactical platform.

Fire service incident commanders have to STOP operating off a “tactical platform” as the primary decision making factor for the next tactical/task action to be performed. Tactics DO NOT drive the incident action plan’s outcome! “Incident priorities” drive all decisions within the incident action plan.

Too many times we see where tasks and tactics are the primary focus. There is no identification or communication of the incident priorities or strategic objectives by the IC within his/her incident action plan. Therefore, this is where the critical disconnect occurs within the command process, which leads to firefighter injuries, deaths, and other negative outcomes during building fires.

(Video) Principles of Modern Fire Attack - SLICE-RS Overview

As previously stated, the incident priorities drive strategy and strategy drives tactics and tactics drive tasks. Therefore, RECEO VS has its place and should NOT be replaced “as a core component of firefighter training programs” — especially when it comes to command and/or incident management! I have personally used RECEO VS as effective strategic components of the “what” I want to accomplish on numerous “all hazards” emergencies.

RECEO VS and SLICERS– Where Do They Fit? (3)

Let’s take strategic objectives a little further. Strategy is thinking in the next, not in the now. The vision of too many incident commanders ends at the end of their nose. Strategy is the “leader’s intent” statement to everyone working on the incident. If you as a company officer or firefighter don’t know what the incident commander’s strategic objectives are, how can you effectively and safety implement your tactical/task actions within the operational area? You can’t, and that is why we continue to see over and over again good firefighters initiating actions without purpose or an end state defined (another way of illustrating — risk versus benefit).

The strategy is the “what” of the incident. In simple terms, “What are we trying to do?” It is also a short or long-term goal or plan of action designed to achieve a particular incident priority or desired result. The strategic objective identifies the mode of operation, but it also is used to make the problem easier so that everyone on the incident understands to effectively solve the problem by initiating efficient tactics and tasks for positive outcomes. I am tired of seeing fire service instructors/companies who instruct command and control by only saying strategy is “offensive or defense” and offering no other explanation of how it is supposed to be used, developed, and communicated.

RECEO VS and SLICERS– Where Do They Fit? (4)

RECEO VS and SLICERS– Where Do They Fit? (5)

(Video) Transitional Attack : Creating a Survivable Space

The way to verbally express a strategic objective may sound something like: civilian and firefighter life safety, safely remove all occupants from the building, keep the fire to the room, floor, area or building of origin, extinguish and confine the fire in building one, protect and defend the five uninvolved exposure buildings, coordinate ventilation to support occupants and firefighters, extinguish all hidden fires, protect and secure occupants’ property. This is an example of how RECEO VS effectively applies to the incident commander’s strategic objectives and supports the incident priorities. The strategic objectives can also be identified and written on the ICS form 202 (incident objectives).

So the need for a logical incident command system thought process begins with the first step to ensure an effective, safe, and efficient incident action plan. This incident command process includes eight critical components (see below) of the incident action plan.

1. Incident Priorities (ICS form 202)

2. Strategic Objectives (ICS form 202)

a) Mode of operation

3. Tactical Objectives (ICS form 204)

a) Tasks

4. Incident Organization (ICS form 203)

(Video) SLICE RS

5. Situation Status/Intelligence

(ICS form 201)

6. Resource Status (ICS forms 201 & 211)

7. Communication Plan (ICS form 205)

8. Safety Plan (ICS form 206)

For more on the eight critical components, refer to my three-part series of articles “Rescue of a Trapped Firefighter: Command and Control… Better and Safer” in SIZE UP Issues 1–3 • 2012. Archives are available at

As someone who has commanded numerous, complex, type one “all hazard” emergencies, my intent in writing this article was to provide an incident commander’s perspective on this topic. In addition, I would like to continue the positive dialogue between fire service members who “sit in the seat of command” with the goal of further evaluating the new and emerging “empirical evidence” regarding NIST testing and its effects on incident command. It is my belief the new as well as the older mnemonics have their specific place within the incident command process to assist incident commanders with a consistent approach in developing a “better” and “safer” incident action plan.

RECEO VS and SLICERS– Where Do They Fit? (6)

(Video) SLICERS 1


What does the C stand for in Receo vs? ›

It updates a previous acronym used by firefighting departments: RECEO-VS, which stands for Rescue, Exposure, Confine, Extinguish, Overhaul and Ventilate, Salvage.

Who came up with slicers? ›

This commercial bread-slicing machine was designed and manufactured in 1928 by Otto Frederick Rohwedder (1880-1960). It was used to slice loaves of fresh bakery bread at Korn's Bakery, in Rohwedder's home town of Davenport, Iowa, beginning in late 1928.

What is the acronym for making an interior attack? ›

Here's a step-by-step look at when and why to use the "Rescue, Exposure, Confine, Extinguish, Overhaul and Ventilate, Salvage" fire-attack method. Aug 21, 2008.

What are tactical priorities? ›

The tactical priorities, (rescue, fire control, property conservation) are clear, measurable, and obtainable objectives. These objectives are considered complete when the benchmarks are declared.

What does DB mean for firefighters? ›

Firefighter Acronym search: DB
AcronymMeaningRegion / Field
DBDead Body-
1 more row

What does the R in Slice RS stand for? ›

E – Extinguish. R – Rescue. S – Salvage. DICERS – VO – Lt.

How much does a commercial bread slicer cost? ›

This commercial bread slicer cutter can cut 31pcs at one time with 12 mm cutting thickness.
Was:$489.99 Details
You Save:$42.80 (9%)

What are the seven sides of a fire? ›

Command must consider the seven sides (or sectors) of the fire: front, rear, both sides, top, bottom, and interior. Fires cannot be considered under control until all seven sides are addressed. Failure to address all seven sides will frequently result in fire extension.

Who is Lloyd layman? ›

Just to refresh everyone's memory, Lloyd Layman was a Fire Chief that pioneered two fundamental documents in the fire service. The first was called “Attack and Extinguishing Interior Fires”. The second was entitled “Firefighting Tactics and Strategy”. Most of his work was done in the late 1930s and early 1940s.

What is the meaning of Receo? ›

The RECEO acronym stands for Rescue, Exposures, Confinement, Extinguishment, and Overhaul.

What does AOR stand for firefighter? ›

AOR. Area of Rescue (Assistance; area for emergency personnel find people of limited mobility in a building)

What does the C in Slice RS stand for? ›

Terms in this set (25)

what does the C stand for in the acronym SLICERS? Cool the space from the safest location. A combination fire attack begins with: an indirect attack.

What are the 3 priorities of firefighting? ›

Let's review the three main fireground priorities: life safety, incident stabilization and property conservation. Every fire scene we respond to requires these three priorities to be addressed. The order in which they are addressed will be dictated by the situation.

What is the #1 priority during a fire? ›

The number-one responsibility of every single fire and rescue officer is the safety of the members assigned under his or her command.

What are the three incident priorities at a fire emergency? ›


The incident priorities for any emergency are life safety, incident stabilization, and property conservation.

What do you call a female fireman? ›

Definition of firewoman

: a female firefighter a volunteer firewoman.

Why is a firefighter called a Jake? ›

Being a "Good J-Key" probably meant a fireman who was cool under the pressure and could send clear Morse code. "J-Key" was eventually shortened to "Jake", and when spread to the public, "Jake" came to be a common term for firemen in general.

What is a salty firefighter? ›

The faces, skin, and hair of these veteran seafarers were said to have a "salty look," further defining the amount of time they had spent on the sea. The Fire Service adopted this term to apply to its most seasoned firefighters.

Who first developed the Receo tactical model? ›

The REVAS acronym represents the tactical priorities of Rescue, Exposures, Ventilation, Attack, and Salvage. The REVAS model was an upgrade from the RECEO model developed by Chief Lloyd Layman in the 1950s. RECEO was the foundation for Layman's book Fire Fighting Tactics, published in 1953.

What is high expansion foam usually used for? ›

High Expansion foam is suitable for use in combating fires in buildings, process areas, warehouses, and aircraft hangar systems. High expansion foam systems can be used for protection of LNG storage areas by quickly blanketing the flammable liquid surface and helping to control vapor release.

Which is the minimum flow from a large handline? ›

On a large scale, the American fire service has adopted a minimum initial attack handline flow of 150 gallons per minute (gpm) for an aggressive interior attack in residential structure fires.

How do you slice bread evenly? ›

How to slice a loaf of bread - Jamie Oliver's Home Cooking Skills

How do you make a bread-slicing guide? ›

DIY bread slicer - YouTube

How do you cut fresh sourdough bread? ›

If you're right handed, place your left hand gently on the loaf of sourdough to hold it securely in place. Don't push down on the bread. Gently use a sawing motion with the bread knife to start cutting a slice. Don't push down on the sourdough at all - let the bread knife do the work!

What do firefighters call each other? ›

Firefighters call each other 'brother,' 'sister' but don't mean it -

What is a group of firefighters called? ›

Fire Crew. An organized group of firefighters under the leadership of a crew leader or other designated official. Fire Front. The part of a fire within which continuous flaming combustion is taking place.

What is the Charlie side? ›

Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, Delta – these terms are used to designate the sides of a structure. Generally speaking, the “alpha” side is the front of the structure, the “bravo” side is the left side of the structure, “charlie” is the back of the structure and “delta” is the right side of the structure.

Who invented the fog nozzle? ›

FOG NOZZLE HISTORY Fog nozzles and spray streams have been around for almost 150 years. The first United States patent for a fog nozzle was granted to Dr. John Oyston in 1863.

Who is the father of fire science? ›

Few of us recognize him for it, but James Braidwood stands as one of the founding fathers of the American fire service. Braidwood, James, “Memoir of James Braidwood,” Fire Prevention and Fire Extinction, Bell and Daldy, London, United Kingdon, 1866.

What temp does flashover occur? ›

Flashover is a thermally-driven event during which every combustible surface exposed to thermal radiation in a compartment or enclosed space rapidly and simultaneously ignites. Flashover normally occurs when the upper portion of the compartment reaches a temperature of approximately 1,100 °F for ordinary combustibles.

When was the first meat slicer invented? ›

Company Overview. In 1898, W.A. Van Berkel, a butcher in Rotterdam of the Netherlands, invented a way to slice more meat to better serve his customers. The result of his innovation was the world's first meat-slicing machine.

When was the deli slicer invented? ›

The first meat slicer was invented by Dutch butcher and engineer W.A. Van Berkel in 1898. Tired of cutting his meat with a knife, he developed an ingenious mechanism to make slicing paper-thin meat as easy as riding a bike.

What is the function of slicer? ›

Slicers provide buttons that you can click to filter tables, or PivotTables. In addition to quick filtering, slicers also indicate the current filtering state, which makes it easy to understand what exactly is currently displayed. You can use a slicer to filter data in a table or PivotTable with ease.

Where is Berkel made? ›

In 1909, manufacturing of the first American machines began at the U.S. Slicing Machine Company in Chicago, IL. Recently, Berkel relocated to its present location in Troy, OH.


1. The Size-Up, Volume 1 • 6 Minutes of Size Ups • Stockton Firefighters
2. Principles of Modern Fire Attack: SLICE-RS: Size Up & Locate the Fire
(ISFSI YouTube)
3. Principles of Modern Fire Attack: SLICE-RS: Rescue
(ISFSI YouTube)
4. Principle of Modern Fire Attack: SLICE-RS: Cool from a Safe Location
(ISFSI YouTube)
5. N.I.C.E.R.S. , not S.L.I.C.E.R.S. fire attack
6. Bringing Fire Dynamic Research to the Fireground
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Barbera Armstrong

Last Updated: 01/17/2023

Views: 6045

Rating: 4.9 / 5 (79 voted)

Reviews: 86% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Barbera Armstrong

Birthday: 1992-09-12

Address: Suite 993 99852 Daugherty Causeway, Ritchiehaven, VT 49630

Phone: +5026838435397

Job: National Engineer

Hobby: Listening to music, Board games, Photography, Ice skating, LARPing, Kite flying, Rugby

Introduction: My name is Barbera Armstrong, I am a lovely, delightful, cooperative, funny, enchanting, vivacious, tender person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.